June, 2014 | Shah & Associates, P.C. Estate Planning & Business Law Blog
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What Can An Estate Planning Accomplish That I Can’t?

June 23, 2014

Filed under: Estate Planning,Trusts,Wills — Tags: — Neel Shah @ 4:03 pm

In this world driven by do-it-yourself options, it might seem like you can handle just about anything. There are several things, though, that you definitely want to hand off to a qualified estate planner rather than attempting on your own.

What Can An Estate Planning Accomplish That I Can’t?
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To start with, even the most basic of estate planning documents, a will, probably needs customization. If you’re using some form of template, trying to invalidate it could turn out badly if you don’t do it appropriately. This could mean that your wishes are totally ignored due to an overlooked accident. Each state has specific provisions and wording, so make sure you’ve gotten yours reviewed by someone in the know.

If avoiding probate is one of the goals you have set out for your estate, you really should consider a conversation with an estate planner. The truth is that there are numerous ways to avoid probate and to minimize the blow of estate taxes, but those can be complex and require the eyes of a trained professional. Don’t count on yourself for those strategies.

One of the biggest reasons to trust your planner is because laws in the realm of estate planning have the potential to change often. You most likely don’t want to read through laws and regulations to understand your opportunities and responsibilities, but attorneys are up to speed on all the latest changes. What you can do on your own is to generate a list of what you’d like to accomplish with your plans and draw up questions you have about the process. Being proactive goes a long way towards proper estate planning. To set up a meeting, email info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to get started.

Mid-Year Tax Planning Tips

June 20, 2014

Filed under: Income Tax Planning,Retirement Planning,Taxes — Tags: , , — Neel Shah @ 3:57 pm

While not much has come out in the first half of 2014 with regard to tax legislation, there are still some important tax planning opportunities to tap into. Mid-year is a great time to schedule in your financial and estate planning review to double-check that nothing has changed and to verify that you don’t need any additional components in your plan.

Mid-Year Tax Planning Tips
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Income tax planning usually involves a mix of three separate strategies: earning income that is received with favorable tax rates, like that which comes from qualified dividends or long-term capital gains, delaying the payment of tax by deferring income receipt to another year, and avoiding income bubbles that bump you up to another tax rate.

One way to reduce your tax obligations and contribute to your future is to ensure that you’re putting money (and enough of it) into a tax-qualified retirement plan. Doing so means that you are deferring taxes on earnings until you actually take the distributions out.

Finally, a great mid-year step to take is to verify that you are keeping good records. While most people make this promise to themselves after a hectic tax season in April, they tend to forget about it until tax time rolls around again next year. Instead, make sure you’ve kept track of your charitable deductions to date, any extra income, and other tax-related details. It’s also a great time to set up a meeting with your planner to discuss more options, especially if you have other goals you’d like to meet. To schedule your mid-year review, call us at 732-521-9455 or send an email requesting an appointment to info@lawesq.net.

Charitable Choices: Gifting Retirement Funds at Death

June 19, 2014

Filed under: Charitable Giving,Retirement Planning,Taxes — Tags: , , — Neel Shah @ 3:41 pm

Are you thinking about making a gift to a charity on your death? It might be a better option to instead consider gifting your retirement account, and there are a few different reasons for this. This can help to maximize the tax benefits for your estate, but also for the individual heirs benefitting from your estate.

Charitable Choices Gifting Retirement Funds at Death
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As of now, assets above the value of $5,340,000 that are outright transferred from a taxable estate are hit with a 40% tax, even though the individuals who receive those assets don’t have income taxes also taken out of that amount. There is, however, an exception to this, and it’s for IRAs, 401ks, and qualified retirement plans. They are categorized as ordinary income as distributions since the government has not yet taxed this money.

Gifts to charity are not subjected to the estate tax and are at the same time excluded from the taxable estate. The amount gifted to the charity can be deducted from your federal estate tax return to reduce your overall estate beneath the $5,340,000 referenced above. When done properly, this could mean that little or no federal estate tax is due upon your death, therefore meeting your goals of gifting charitably and maximizing the value of your assets for your beneficiaries.

To learn more about charitable giving and other strategies to accomplish estate planning goals, send us a message at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to get started.

If It’s Good Enough for the Clintons, It’s Good Enough For You

June 18, 2014

Filed under: Estate Planning,Estate Taxes,Taxes,Trusts — Neel Shah @ 3:38 pm

The Clintons recently made the news simply for taking advantage of Estate Planning and financial planning strategies that maximize wealth and limit the encroachment of taxes. With an estate tax that has an upper limit of 40 percent of assets on death, it only makes sense for those with bigger estates to conduct some planning well in advance.

If Its Good Enough for the Clintons Its Good Enough For You
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One of the most important steps taken by the Clintons was the transfer of their New York house into a residence trust, a move they made back in 2011. These trusts have major advantages, including house value appreciation as an occurrence outside the taxable estate. The overall goal for many estate planning attorneys and other financial experts is to help build up the nontaxable estate as much as possible.

This transfer of ownership of the house specifically is a tool that could have implications for numerous Americans concerned about the tax hit on their estate. A sample strategy involving this plan is to divide house ownership in half and storing that ownership in two separate trusts. While continuing to live in the house, ensure that the trust is structured to pass on to heirs in 10 years. Remember, the growth value during that period falls outside your estate. At the end of the 10 year period, pay rent to the heirs if you plan to continue living in the house. Those rent payments are also shielded by passing outside of the estate, protecting them from tax.

For more tax-saving strategies and long-term financial planning, contact our office today. Call us at 732-521-9455 or send an email to info@lawesq.net

Is the New Jersey State Estate Tax Too Prohibitive?

June 17, 2014

Filed under: Estate Taxes — Tags: — Neel Shah @ 3:34 pm

Most people recognize that it can be costly to live in New Jersey, but they don’t realize that it may also be expensive to die here. Unless you have had a direct personal experience with some kind of estate planning, it’s unlikely that you understand the full implications of the state estate tax. It’s worth considering in advance to prevent a major hit on your assets and investments.

Is the New Jersey State Estate Tax Too Prohibitive
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New Jersey is one of only two states (Maryland is the other) that collects both an estate tax and an inheritance tax. In the state of New Jersey, the estate tax is factored into any estate worth $675,000 or more and the estate tax includes stocks, bods, and real estate in addition to more common sources like savings or checking accounts.

A recent study from Fairleigh Dickinson University shows that New Jersey residents aren’t thrilled about the major tax hit on their assets, with 57 percent of New Jersey residents indicating their plans to leave the state on retiring since affordability is such a major issue. Are you one of the 57 percent? Estate tax planning using a DING trust, for example, may help to alleviate some of the impact on your estate by allowing you to transfer assets into a trust that avoids some of the negative implications of New Jersey taxes. To learn more about your options, contact our office today to discuss long term financial planning for your estate. Send us an email to info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455

Avoiding Estate Planning Mistakes: Unfunded Living Trusts

June 16, 2014

Filed under: Estate Planning,Estate Planning for Attorney,Estate Planning For Business Owners — Neel Shah @ 12:22 pm

When used properly, living trusts can be valuable tools for passing on assets. When planned for early on, you can really maximize what a beneficiary gets out of a living trust. Unfortunately, individuals don’t always plan correctly with the living trust. If you forget to put any assets into the trust, for example, you’ll miss out on the opportunity for assets to be passed to heirs outside of the probate process. After the trust is set up, you’ll need to retitle assets into the trust’s name.

Avoiding Estate Planning Mistakes Unfunded Living Trusts
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Simply listing the assets you plan to transfer with a schedule attached to the trust may not be enough. The schedule is more like a notification of the assets you do plan to transfer, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’ve actually transferred those assets. Real property is going to require a deed and bank and stock accounts will need to be retitled by financial institutions. You can speak with a professional estate planner to learn more about the steps to follow after establishing a living trust.

There are numerous trust possibilities that can help maximize asset value and minimize the influence of taxes, but you have to follow through on setting them up properly. To learn more about living trusts as an estate planning tool, email info@lawesq.net or reach out at 732-521-9455.

Is a Roth IRA the “Cadillac” of Assets to Leave for Heirs?

June 13, 2014

Filed under: Asset Protection,Asset Protection Planning,Asset Protector — Neel Shah @ 12:07 pm

If you’re looking down the road to retirement, you may be wondering which of your accounts you should tap into first, and which you should leave possibly set aside to pass on to beneficiaries. Those individuals with traditional retirement accounts, brokerage accounts, Roth IRAs, and a 401k may feel overwhelmed by the options, but it all depends on your estate planning goals.

Is a Roth IRA the Cadillac of Assets to Leave for Heirs
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For the most part, Roth IRAs seem to be good accounts to leave behind for others. Since the distributions can be taken out tax-free and can be stretched over the course of a lifetime, the majority of the original investment can continue growing tax free during that same period. Since the federal estate tax exemption for a married couple is more than $10 million, Roth IRAs may be more likely to be free of estate taxes and income taxes. For that reason, it could be worth your time to convert other traditional retirement accounts into a Roth for the ultimate benefit or heirs.

Doing so, however, requires understanding that you’re probably going to have to leave that money alone for at least ten years, so don’t make a decision without careful consideration of your own cash flow situation. If you convert and begin taking income out, the potential growth for that IRA is halted. To learn more about estate planning strategies that leave a legacy behind for family, call us at 732-521-9455.

3 Policies That Might Influence Your Plans to Retire

June 12, 2014

Filed under: Elder Law — Neel Shah @ 11:59 am

There’s a flurry of activity in D.C. lately that might have an influence on your retirement plans. The proposed Obama budget has some important considerations inside for IRAs and Social Security. To start with, the plan suggests “harmonizing” required minimum distribution rules making mandatory RMDs for Roth IRAs after the individual passes age 70 ½. As of now, Roth IRAs still offer unique benefits since they are not in line with other rules on RMDs in retirement accounts.

3 Policies That Might Influence Your Plans to Retire
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A second proposal inside the budget suggests a cap on IRAs that would limit what an individual can put into the vehicle once they have surpassed a “secure retirement” stage. This would influence wealthy individuals and could reduce opportunities for roll-over from an employer sponsored plan.

Finally, the government aims to explore ways in which to maximize Social Security benefits. Currently, some retirees are able to get the most out of Social Security with claiming strategies, but the government wants to reduce any windfalls and use those savings to help make the Social Security program more solvent.

As always, tax, retirement, and estate planning are subject to change often- and they do. These proposed changes could influence your own plans. Staying on top of the game by working with a qualified planner “in the know” can ensure that you’re getting the most out of your plans. To learn more, email info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to get started.

Buy-Sell Agreement Checklist

June 11, 2014

Filed under: Business Law,Business Planning — Neel Shah @ 11:54 am

How do you know that your agreement is crafted properly? There are a few clues that should give you the peace of mind for what happens in a variety of events. Here’s what should be included in a basic buy-sell.

Your agreement should include a minimum list of events that can “activate” the trigger for remaining owners to purchase interests of a shareholder that’s departing. These include incapacity, bankruptcy, professional license loss, death, disability, retirement, and failure to carry out duties properly.

Buy-Sell Agreement Checklist
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Every agreement should also have explicit provisions for the payment of the departing owner’s interests. Some of the most common ways to do this include life insurance, cash from borrowings at the purchase date, a sinking fund, or an installment sale based on current business earnings.

Speaking of payment, the agreement should outline how the price of the departing individual’s interest is calculated. Some of the most common methods for addressing this are book value, appraisal, replacement cost of any hard assets, an annual earnings multiple, or an annually agreed upon amount.

Finally, think about family concerns, such as whether those individuals will have access to liquid resources to replace you, mechanisms for fair treatment of family in the event of your sudden death, or even plans for what will happen if your share will not be carried on by family members. All of these considerations can be addressed in a comprehensive business succession plan. Begin today with an email to info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455.

Is There a New Paradigm in Estate Planning?

June 10, 2014

Filed under: Estate Planning — Neel Shah @ 11:39 am

Although more and more people are realizing the importance of estate planning, it’s possible to overlook the opportunities and to walk away with very basic documents that don’t address all of your concerns. An estate plan is most likely to succeed when the heirs who benefit have a positive impact from the plans, rather than being mired in arguments with one another. All too often, that’s what happens with family members, some of whom may spend months in court battling over the documents and decisions.

Although more and more people are realizing the importance of estate planning, it’s possible to overlook the opportunities and to walk away with very basic documents that don’t address all of your concerns.
(Photo Credit: bettersmartersaferway.com)

Planning for the future requires careful consideration that in many cases passes assets on to children with a plan for stewardship and responsibility. There are numerous cases where thinking well in advance is simply in everyone’s best interests, whether it’s to reduce the opportunity for conflict between children or to help make a business succession smooth. In a recent national survey, one of the leading reasons for individuals to evaluate their estate plans was to limit chaos among children.

In this way, you can think of estate planning as the best form of family leadership. It goes beyond tax saving strategies, trusts, and charitable giving (although those are all important). It is a process of planning that allows a family to empower heirs for a meaningful and a successful future. To learn more about estate planning for a variety of scenarios, email us at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455.

Tips for Choosing a Trustee

June 9, 2014

Filed under: Trustees,Trusts — Neel Shah @ 3:32 pm

Don’t overlook the importance of selecting a proper trustee for your estate planning. Regardless of the type of trust you are planning to use, you need to ensure that you have selected an appropriate individual. In many cases, trustees have a great deal of power and authority and it is not a decision you should take lightly as a business owner or individual.

Tips for Choosing a Trustee
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The gut reaction for many people is to select a child as the trustee. There can be negative ramifications of doing this by dividing the family in the future or by giving authority to someone who hasn’t received the proper advice and education about it. Instead, you may want to give some thought to using a professional individual. Attorneys and accountants, for example, can serve as trustees. They are more likely to understand their responsibilities and bring unique experience to table, but it can be expensive. There are, however, many situations where asking a professional to take control simply makes sense.

As an estate planning client, you should be aware that you can give out powers for beneficiaries to revoke trustee powers and replace him or her. If the trustee is overbearingly restrictive on distributions, for example, the beneficiaries have some options. If there’s no removal power outlined in the trust and the trustee won’t step down, they may be headed to court. As the creator of the trust, you can even outline how often the beneficiaries can exert this power so that it’s not abused. To learn more about trust development and execution, email us at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455.

Looking for a new charitable gifting idea? Try Bitcoins

June 6, 2014

Filed under: Gift Taxes,Gifting — Neel Shah @ 3:03 pm

The IRS is never too far behind the trend when it comes to new forms of tax revenue, and with their recent tax stipulations regarding virtual currency, it’s time to consider the charitable giving opportunities with Bitcoins. The IRS specific rules relate to any virtual currency that is used to pay for goods or services or those that are used for investment, so Bitcoins isn’t the only possible form, but it’s certainly the most popular.

Looking for a new charitable gifting idea Try Bitcoins
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What’s important from an IRS perspective is that the sale or exchange of Bitcoins and other types of virtual currency could signal a taxable event or tax liability. It’s treated as property under IRS regulations and an owning individual must consider the fair market value in computing their gross income. There are several different ways that you might think about gifting in terms of Bitcoins, so here are some ideas and the possible tax consequences:

  • Outright gifts held long term to a public charity: Considered a fair market value contribution, deductible up to 30 percent of adjusted gross income.
  • Outright gifts if the donor is a creator/miner of Bitcoins: This could be considered ordinary income and not property under “capital gains”. Up to 50 percent of AGI deductible at cost basis.
  • Outright gifts held short term to public charity: Cost-basis contribution, meaning that this is deductible up to 50 percent of AGI.
  • Substantiation with receipt: The donor requires a receipt describing the gift here and it’s treated like all gifts of $250 or more.
  • Substantiation with appraisal: Form 8283 and a qualified appraisal is required here.

To learn more about gifting strategies, reach out to us at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to get started.

Inheritance Taxes and State Estate Taxes

June 5, 2014

Filed under: Estate Taxes — Neel Shah @ 2:29 pm

On top of federal estate taxes to which your estate can be subject, you may also need to plan in advance for state estate and inheritance taxes. As far as inheritance taxes go, six states use these to obtain funding from assets passed on to heirs. In the past, state estate taxes largely weren’t an issue for most of the population because the federal government gave an estate tax credit based on how much was already paid into state taxes. Now it’s largely up to the states, and if you’re a resident in one where your assets could be subjected to a pretty substantial hit, it’s simply prudent to plan in advance.

Inheritance Taxes and State Estate Taxes
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The state thresholds aren’t so high that many people can be exempted, either: New Jersey’s exemption stops at $675,000. Factoring in the value of many people’s homes, retirement accounts, and other assets, it’s not hard to surpass that. And New Jersey is a double whammy- state taxes and inheritance taxes apply there, so it’s very common for individuals and business owners especially to consider their planning options well in advance.

The good news is that there are strategies and opportunities to identify and mitigate risk, but they do depend on your state. You want to find a professional that is up to date on all relevant state laws and regulations to ensure that your estate is protected properly. Contact us today to begin or to review your existing plans by email at info@lawesq.net or at 732-521-9455.

Durable Powers of Attorney and FBAR

June 4, 2014

Filed under: Family Business — Neel Shah @ 2:17 pm

A new reference guide from the IRS has some guidelines for Reports of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR). There are several issues highlighted in the reference guide that give cause for concern (or for a call to your business planning and tax strategy specialist), but one to note is with regard to durable powers of attorney.

Durable Powers of Attorney and FBAR
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Durable powers of attorney are a foundation in a great deal of estate planning, especially when it comes to business owners who either want to preserve their legacy or protect the business and/or a partner in the event of an incapacity. Most of these powers of attorney stipulate authority to sign on behalf of the principal for bank accounts belonging to that individual.

An evaluation of the new Reference Guide reveals that under the description of signature authority, individuals named in those powers of attorney may be at risk for penalties related to foreign accounts of the individual issuing the power and those individuals may inherit responsibility for FBAR filing.

It’s unclear whether a lack of knowledge argument will be applicable in such a scenario, so it’s in the best interest of named parties to be aware of their rights and responsibilities. Since that’s not always possible or reasonable, an estate planning specialist can discuss options directly with the individual creating the durable power of attorney.

To learn more about asset protection, business planning, and risk mitigation, contact us today by phone at 732-521-9455.

Time for New Jersey Residents to Reconsider the DING Trust

June 3, 2014

Filed under: Trusts — Tags: — Neel Shah @ 1:20 pm

In light of today’s federal and state income tax environment, those living in high income tax states, like New Jersey, are always looking for options to understand and mitigate risk exposure. In the event that you are influenced by a state income tax, the hit can be substantial. Knowing how to use current strategies is highly valuable for anyone in this situation.

Time for New Jersey Residents to Reconsider the DING Trust
(Photo Credit: irs.com)

The IRS has recently made it a little easier to mitigate such risks through the use of a DING Trust, which stands for Delaware Incomplete Non-Grantor trust. In a DING trust, a person can transfer assets are produce high levels of income into a trust. This transfer doesn’t trigger federal or state gift taxes but it also minimizes the exposure to state income tax. The purpose of such a trust is to transfer these assets into a bucket in a state without trust income taxes, like Alaska, Nevada, and Delaware.

This particular kind of trust is best used with someone who maintains high levels of income generating portfolios. For New Jersey individuals in this situation, it’s important to note than an investment portfolio held inside a DING trust is exempt under the state and local income tax so long as the trustee is not a resident of the state of New Jersey. Alongside other estate planning strategies to reduce the overall taxable estate, the DING trust is most appealing to New Jersey residents concerned about the influence of the state income tax. To get started with DING trust planning, contact us through email at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to get started.

Minimize Estate Taxes Through Gifting

June 2, 2014

Filed under: Estate Taxes — Tags: , , , — Neel Shah @ 1:27 pm

Your estate planning goes farther than figuring out who should be named as a beneficiary and how much they should receive. Comprehensive planning also thinks about the best way to distribute assets and how the methods you choose influences the beneficiary’s life.

Minimize Estate Taxes Through Gifting
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On your death, your estate is subject to Generation Skipping Tax and Estate Tax. In states like New Jersey, your estate will also be subject to a State Estate Tax plus an Inheritance Tax in some cases. Without realizing the impacts, a portion of your estate can be swallowed up before your beneficiaries ever receive it. Some states also impose their own estate tax, diminishing your estate even further. The good news is that some advance planning with a professional can reduce the impact of these taxes.

To start with, you can take advantage of the federal exemption amount of $5.34 Million, which allows you to give away up to that amount during lifetime and death (total) without initiating that estate tax. Annual exclusion gifts, too, can be helpful for minimizing the blow of a big tax. Married couples are able to combine exclusion powers to give up to $28,000 per year per person without being hit with a tax, and this is separate from the federal gift-tax exemption.

This is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to strategies to protect wealth and minimize taxes. Many tools are available and you can learn more from contacting us today for a consultation. Send us a message at info@lawesq.net or contact us via phone at 732-521-9455 to begin.